what is a curriculum vitae

What Is A Curriculum Vitae? How to Write Your First CV | Tips

Before you begin your job search, get a complete idea of various terms most common in the job application procedures. One of them is Curriculum Vitae.
What is a Curriculum Vitae? When to use a curriculum vitae? How does a curriculum vitae differ from a resume? Read on to discover answers to all questions.

what is a Curriculum Vitae  What Is  A Curriculum Vitae? How to Write Your First CV | Tips what is a CV 1024x456

What is a Curriculum Vitae (CV)?

A curriculum vitae is a detailed document that lists your qualifications for employment. It includes your academic qualification, work history, skills, honours, achievements, and other details that are relevant to the industry and position you are applying for.
Curriculum vitae is also known as a CV. Although the purpose of a curriculum vitae is similar to that of a resume but the two are different from each other. Many mistakenly use the two words synonymously.

Types of CV-
What is a Chronological Curriculum Vitae?

There are two main types of CV-

  1. Chronological CV
  2. Functional CV

What is a Chronological Curriculum Vitae?

This is the most common type of CV.  In such a CV your employment and work experience is listed on the front page, in reverse chronological order i.e. your most recent experience is at the top.

While a functional CV focuses on the skills of the applicant. Thus, the name skill-based CV.

Here below we have listed the key differences between a resume and CV.

What is a Curriculum Vitae vs Resume?

Basically, a resume nad a CV differ in terms of their length but there are other diferences too.

A resume is a summary of your educational background and experiences highlighting your skills. However, the main emphasis is on your work experience. A CV is rather detailed, comprehensive, focusing largely on your academic background. While resumes are typically one or two pages, CVs can be as long as needed to convey the complete information.

What is the purpose of a curriculum vitae?
A Curriculum Vitae is mainly used when applying for academic positions, resumes are used for any other positions.

Also read- What is the difference between a resume, CV and biodata?

If you find yourself confused about what a prospective employer wants- a resume or CV, go through the job announcement. It usually states which document the institution/company seeks.

Resume CV
Summary of skills, experiences and educational history Comprehensive list of one’s professional experience as well as educational background.
A resume is typically a single-page. It can be a maximum of 2 pages in length. CVs are lengthy. They can be multiple pages.
They are used for most employment applications. Used mainly for academic positions.

Curriculum Vitae Format

Here is a step by step guide on how to write a curriculum vitae.

1. Name and Contact

  • On the very top will be your name. Bold and in a clear font. Below your name you must include your professional title.
  • Next will be your- email
    • Contact number
    • Address
    • LinkedIn profile link

2. CV Summary or Objective Statement

A short, catchy paragraph of around 100 words that tells the prospective employer why you are the best candidate they can hire. Here you cannot be vague. Ensure that you customize this section every time you apply for a new job.

Remember that this will be your openeing statement. It will be the first thing a recruiter reads on your CV. So, play special attention.

An objective statement highlights the skills you have mastered and how you would fit in the job. These are ideal foer those iwth little or no work experience.

However, A CV summary shows your career progress as well as achievements. It is good for those with quality professional experience in the field.

Here are a few tips on how to write a summary statement/objective-

  • Include keywords from the job advertisement.
  • Use action verbs.
  • Mention the name of the position and the company you are applying for. This tells the reader that you have customised your CV.
  • Include numbers and statistics. These add power to your tone.

3. Work Experience Along With Achievements

This is the most important section of your CV-the one that your recruiter carefully analyses.

You must include your relevant work experiences in the reverse chronological order. So, your recent experience is written on the top. Include your- designation, company’s name, tenure, major projects along with achievements.

Those with little or no work experience, can add volunteer work experience or training experiences.

  • Focus on your relevant achievements. Don’t just list the duties you performed, not just your duties.
  • Use action verbs such as designed, created, implemented, instead of writing “responsible for designing and creating fresh samples”.
  • Tailor your CV to the job you are applying for. Read the job description carefully. Make a list of the requirements mentioned in the description. Now, add these to your CV and especially to this section.
  • Quantify your experiences. Make use of numbers.
  • List your job details in points. Make use of bullets. Follow the PAR rule- Problem, Action, Result rule. Here, firstly, you write about a problem that you came across, followed by the action to took to successfully resolve it and lastly the result that makes you outshine.

4. Educational Background

Here you must include-

  • Degree
  • Institutions’ name
  • Years
  • Honours
  • GPA (if impressive)

Furthermore, below your degree under every institution, you can include-

  • Relevant coursework
  • Dissertation title
  • Favourite fields of study
  • Your best achievements
  • Extracurricular academic activities

5. Relevant Skills

The skills section is yet another important section. Do not just create a heap of skills. Ad the ones that are relevant to your job.

List your skills in points and most importantly, add the skills that they have mentioned in the advertisemnt.

6. Other Impressive Sections

A few examples of additional sections are-

  • Awards and Honors
  • Professional certifications
  • Affiliations
  • Publications
  • Volunteer Work
  • Conferences attended
  • Additional training

So, follow the above-mentioned tips and check out our curriculum vitae examples free! You can also use them as CV templates simply by clicking on the download button.

If you have querries, comment below. Our experts will guide in the best possible direction! All the best!

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